Community practices-Faculty of Medical Sciences

2018

Director: Doctor Carlos Farhat Zamora
Project: Community participation for the control of diseases transmitted by the Mosquito Aedes Aegypti
number of students to participate for academic period: 22.
Number of teachers: Four
Summary: The main objective is to reduce the morbidity of vector diseases transmitted by the Mosquito Aedes Aegypti, through community participation because the conditions that favor the development of the vector depends on the behavior and lifestyle Of those who inhabit the sector.

Through the development of community assemblies, the inhabitants of the sector will be informed about the public health problem that leads to the emergence of cases with dengue, CHIKUNGUNA and ZIKA. It will also explain, in a very simple way, the evolutionary cycle of the mosquito, its pattern of behavior, and the different ways of combating it.

Antes del inicio de la intervención se medirán nuevamente los índices vectoriales universales del Aedes Aegypti y posterior a ello la propia comunidad bajo la guía de los estudiantes procederán a la localización y destrucción de criaderos de mosquitos. Para esto se realizarán mingas de destrucción de criaderos (responsabilidad de la comunidad), fumigación intra y extra-domiciliaria (responsabilidad de autoridades municipales) y la evaluación semanal, quincenal y luego mensual del trabajo realizado y de los resultados obtenidos.

What has been explained above will be carried out in the neighborhood struggle and progress of the Easter Parish, in 10 blocks, 200 houses, 1000 inhabitants, located in the parish Tarqui, Popular Bastion sector. The degree of community organization and the accessible terrain are important factors that make the work feasible.

At the end of the intervention is intended to reduce the rates of infestation of the vector at levels lower than those that favor their reproduction and development, also reducing the number of cases of patients with dengue, CHICKUNGUNYA.


Director: Doctor Pryscilla Díaz Mora
Project: Community work with patients who have problematic alcohol/drug use and first psychotic episode
number of students to participate for academic period: At least 20.
Teacher Number: One
Summary: This project responds to the imperative need to implement and develop in the urban and rural community of Daule an instrument of work based on research-action, which allows us to confront in the first place, a problem that is impacting Negatively on the physical, mental and social health of the young population, such as the problematic consumption of psychoactive substances. Secondly, to develop actions that allow the inclusion of the psychotic patient to the bosom of his family and society, through training, in both cases, addressed to the family of the subjects involved, accompanied by the respective organs of Health and higher education (areas of health and university Espiritu Santo).

In the first instance it is envisaged to carry out a process of training of a group of medical students of third and fourth year, that allows to familiarize them with the approach, follow-up and accompaniment in the therapeutic process of the patient and his family. In the second instance, a member of the family group of each patient caught will be trained. The target population targeted by the project is estimated at three hundred and twenty direct and indirect beneficiaries.


Director: Doctor Lourdes González-Longoria Boada
Project: Educational intervention on cervical cancer in a low-income population.
number of students to participate for academic period: At least 20.
Teacher Number: One
Summary: To reduce the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer in developing countries, where Ecuador is included, it is necessary for the population to know that this cancer is produced by the persistence of the human papilloma virus. This virus is transmitted by sexual contact. There are other factors most related to sexuality that increase the risk of suffering from this disease. Before uterine cancer occurs, there are pre-malignant lesions in the cervix, which can be diagnosed by a test called Pap smear or vaginal cytology. This test is capable of detecting these lesions or the disease in an early manner, so this disease can be prevented. The actions of promotion and prevention of the disease contribute to the fight against cervical cancer, the main and only strategy for the control of this disease, Which is currently a public health problem in the country. Educational strategies should have sustainability over time to deliver favorable results. The socio-cultural level of the population must also be taken into account, involving the young people, the male population, achieving a joint work with local authorities to achieve effective and maintained community participation.


2017

Director: Dr. Enrique Ortega Maldonado
Teachers: Dr. Oscar del Brutto Perrone, Dra. Pryscilla Díaz Mora.
Project: Determination of the main ophthalmological problems of anterior chamber in Atahualpa.
number of students to participate for academic period: 3
Teacher Number: 3
Summary: This project will be carried out in the Community support centre of the Atahualpa UEES project in the Atahualpa parish, Santa Elena province, where an ophthalmologic examination will be carried out focused on the previous segment, where the beneficiary group will be 280 inhabitants of The community. The main objective of this study is to provide knowledge on various pathologies affecting the anterior segment of the eyeball, in order to encourage people to receive adequate treatment. The final purpose is to improve the quality of life of the inhabitants and to alert them to the possible ophthalmological complications dependent on their health status.

Admissions 2019

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